[one-users] OpenNebula + DHCP

Tres Wong-Godfrey tres at blas.phemo.us
Tue Nov 30 00:27:59 PST 2010

This is dependent upon the OS you're using for your VM.

Assuming you're using Linux, you can find it in

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth[INTERFACE NUMBER]

#======BEGIN EXAMPLE ======


#=======END EXAMPLE =======


# ======= BEGIN EXAMPLE =====

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

# ======= END EXAMPLE ======

If you're using another distro/OS, you can either  email me directly or try google for a myriad of better answers.

The key point here is that you're using the OS's own utilities to configure things. The virtualization layer only provides as much as the hardware would on bare iron. Everything else is the responsibility of whatever OS you're installing in the VM.


Tres Wong-Godfrey

On Nov 30, 2010, at 12:10 AM, Leonardo Bergesio wrote:

> Hi, I have this problem and I tried that solution, but how do you do to configure the VM image to use DHCP, is it in the context scripts?
> Thanks,
> Leonardo
> El 30/11/2010 8:24, Manish Sapariya escribió:
>> +1
>> This is exactly what I do. The downside for
>> me is that I do not control the DHCP server
>> and it brings its own problems, mostly operational. 
>> Thanks and Regards,
>> Manish
>> On 11/30/2010 5:36 AM, Carsten.Friedrich at csiro.au wrote:
>>> There is (at least) one more, which I think is the most general and easy to run once set up, if: 
>>> * You want the VMs to be part of your general network.
>>> * You have a DHCP server in your general network.
>>> * You have a fixed set of addresses you want to VMs to use and which are not used by any other machines on the network.
>>> Then:
>>> * Create a bridge on all cloud nodes with the same name (e.g. br0) and bind the NICs on each server to it.
>>> * Create a OpenNebula virtual network with fixed, free addresses like:
>>> NAME = "Small network"
>>> BRIDGE = br0
>>> LEASES = [ IP="x.y.z.65"]
>>> LEASES = [ IP="x.y.z.66"]
>>> LEASES = [ IP="x.y.z.67"]
>>> LEASES = [ IP="x.y.z.72"]
>>> LEASES = [ IP="x.y.z.73"]
>>> ...
>>> ...
>>> * Add entries to your DHCP server binding the MAC address OpenNebula will generate for the VM to the corresponding fixed IP. (the MAC address will be a configurable prefix + the IP address in hex).
>>> * Configure your VM images to use DHCP.
>>> Now, when you start a VM, it will get a MAC address from OpenNebula (no context necessary) and then an IP address from your DHCP server. 
>>> Carsten
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: 
>>> users-bounces at lists.opennebula.org [mailto:users-bounces at lists.opennebula.org
>>> ] On Behalf Of Ruben S. Montero
>>> Sent: Monday, 29 November 2010 6:32
>>> To: SZÉKELYI Szabolcs
>>> Cc: 
>>> users at lists.opennebula.org
>>> Subject: Re: [one-users] Opennebula + DHCP
>>> Hi
>>> There are three options to set up networking for a VM:
>>> 1.- Use static IPs, i.e hard-coded in the VM image. This is useful for
>>> "well-known" services, but usually people do not use this approach as
>>> it prevents an "install once deploy many" strategy
>>> 2.- Use specialized networking VMs,  that runs a DHCP server and
>>> probably any other network related services (DNS, VPN server, routers,
>>> proxy of any kind). This is useful for VM packs, where you define
>>> vnets. Vnets in OpenNebula can be implemented with ebtables (works
>>> out-of-the-box, see [1]) and with VLAN at the switch level (either
>>> setting the vnets before hand, or with a hook to configure the swtich,
>>> e.g. openvswitch)
>>> 3.- Context. Context is not just for passing network config parameters
>>> but also for basic service configuration attributes (e.g. ssh keys).
>>> This is  the best approach for stand-alone VMs and probably also for
>>> the virtual network example. It only requires to prepare network configuration
>>> script of the OS to get the IP from the context device.
>>> However, the best approach should be more or less clear depending on
>>> the use-case you are trying to deploy, the networking of your cloud...
>>> Cheers
>>> Ruben
>>> [1] 
>>> http://www.opennebula.org/documentation:rel2.0:nm
>>> 2010/11/28 SZÉKELYI Szabolcs 
>>> <szekelyi at niif.hu>
>>> :
>>>> On 2010. November 27. 18:01:24 Steven Timm wrote:
>>>>> I have never used opennebula with a dhcp server but I think you would
>>>>> have either have to use the contextualization scripts to pass in
>>>>> a modified ifcfg-eth0 that calls for DHCP address, or save a special
>>>>> original image that has them already.  Also you would have to configure
>>>>> the onevnet so you knew which range of MAC addresses your machines were
>>>>> going to have.
>>>> Being badly dissatisfied with "contextualization" (there's no ifcfg-eth0 on
>>>> Debian-based systems for example, not mentioning non-GNU/Linux OSes), we
>>>> solved this problem by implementing DHCP on our virtual networks. On VM
>>>> creation, a hook script registers the MAC address and the IP address in the
>>>> DHCP server that assigns it to the VM upon DHCP request. This requires the
>>>> machine running the DHCP server (or a DHCP relay) to have an interface in the
>>>> network used for VMs, but this is usually not a problem as long as you use
>>>> 802.1q tagged virtual networks. This can be implemented for ebtables-based
>>>> vnets as well, but requires a bit tricker setup.
>>>> I can provide you with more deatils or even code if interested, but currently
>>>> I don't have time to make proper redistributable and configurable packages.
>>>> Cheers,
>>>> --
>>>> cc
>>>>> On Sat, 27 Nov 2010, Tim Bordemann wrote:
>>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>> I'm currently evaluating Opennebula for a university's project.
>>>>>> So far I installed Opennebula and am able to start virtual machines on
>>>>>> the server nodes.
>>>>>> Unfortunately I am not sure, how to configure Opennebula or the virtual
>>>>>> machine template so that the vm gets it's IP address from the
>>>>>> DHCP-server. Could anyone please send me a sample vm template?
>>>>>> Thanks in advance.
>>>>>> Tim
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